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Announcements

Mohammad Gheibi Appointed as CEO of TULTECH

We are excited to announce that Mohammad Gheibi has been appointed as the new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Talent Under Liberty in Technology (TULTECH), effective immediately.

With his extensive experience in research and development, coupled with his visionary leadership, Mohammad Gheibi is well-positioned to lead TULTECH into its next phase of growth and innovation.

Please join us in congratulating Mohammad on his new role and wishing him success in his endeavours as CEO of TULTECH.

New blog posts

Completion of Workshop on Water Recling Simulation and Modelling: Unlocking the Future of Water Management
Completion of Workshop on Water Recling Simulation and Modelling: Unlocking the Future of Water Management

19 March, 2024 by Charlotte Lee

We are thrilled to announce the successful...

IJITIS Journal Meeting and SWOT Analysis at TULTECH
IJITIS Journal Meeting and SWOT Analysis at TULTECH

15 January, 2024 by Charlotte Lee

Greetings, TULTECH community! In our...

A Milestone Meeting for EIL: Shaping the Future of Environmental Industry Letters
A Milestone Meeting for EIL: Shaping the Future of Environmental Industry Letters

15 December, 2023 by Charlotte Lee

Dear TULTECH Community, We are delighted to...

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Universe composed of water? Large exoplanet's environment contains methane and atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Posted on 22 September, 2023 by Charlotte Lee

Universe composed of water? Large exoplanet's environment contains methane and atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Hubble Space Telescope observations provided the first look at this habitable-zone exoplanet, revealing details about its atmosphere that led to further research that fundamentally altered our understanding of the system.
K2-18 b is located in the constellation Leo, 120 light-years from Earth, and orbits the cold dwarf star K2-18 within the habitable zone. K2-18 b is one of the many exoplanets that are completely unique to our solar system because of its intermediate size between that of Earth and Neptune. Due to the lack of analogous nearby planets, the nature of these'sub-Neptunes'' atmospheres is a hotly contested topic among astronomers.
Some scientists have high hopes for finding signs of life on exoplanets, and the possibility that sub-Neptune K2-18 b is a Hycean exoplanet is interesting.
Nikku Madhusudhan, an astronomer at the University of Cambridge and lead author of the publication revealing these results, said, "Our findings underscore the importance of considering diverse habitable environments in the search for life elsewhere." The larger Hycean worlds are much more suitable to atmospheric observations, although smaller rocky planets have traditionally been the primary focus of the hunt for life on exoplanets.
Methane and carbon dioxide are plentiful, whereas ammonia is scarce, lending credence to the idea that K2-18 b has a water ocean beneath its hydrogen-rich atmosphere. These preliminary Webb observations may have also shown the presence of a chemical known as dimethyl sulphide (DMS). Only living things on Earth are capable of making this. Phytoplankton in marine areas are responsible for releasing the vast majority of DMS into Earth's atmosphere.
Scientist Savvas Constantinou of Cambridge University noted that their findings were based on only two observations of K2-18 b, but that many more were on the way. Accordingly, "this means our work here is but an early demonstration of what Webb can observe in habitable-zone exoplanets."
The team's findings will be published in the Letters section of The Astrophysical Journal.
To further confirm these findings and shed new light on the environmental conditions on K2-18 b, the team plans to perform follow-up research using the telescope's MIRI (Mid-Infrared Instrument) spectrograph.
If life were found on a habitable exoplanet, "it would transform our understanding of our place in the universe," Madhusudhan said. According to the authors, "our findings are a promising step towards a deeper understanding of Hycean worlds in this quest."
 

Source: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Centre contributed the materials used in this blog post. Editing for clarity and length may occur.

 

Today In History

Here are some interesting facts ih history happened on 25 April.

  1. President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco.
  2. New York becomes 1st state requiring license plates for cars
  3. United Nations Conference starts.
  4. Robert Noyce granted a patent for the integrated circuit.