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Announcement of Recent Board Changes at TULTECH

We would like to inform you of significant changes in the TULTECH board structure following the General Meeting of the TULTECH board held on August 24, 2023. These changes reflect the voice and choice of our esteemed association members, and we are excited about the opportunities they bring for the future of TULTECH.

Election of Mohammad Gheibi to the Managerial Board:
We are pleased to announce that Mr. Mohammad Gheibi has been elected to the managerial board of TULTECH. His dedication to our organization and his commitment to our mission make him a valuable addition to our leadership team. We believe that his experience and vision will contribute significantly to the continued growth and success of TULTECH.

Acknowledgment and Thanks to Prof. Trieu Minh Vu:
At this juncture, we also want to extend our heartfelt appreciation and gratitude to Prof. Trieu Minh Vu. Prof. Trieu Minh Vu has been an integral part of TULTECH for the past four years, during which his expertise, dedication, and knowledge have been invaluable to our organization. We would like to express our deep gratitude for his exceptional contributions, which have helped shape TULTECH's path.

As we move forward with the newly elected board members and the continued support of our dedicated members, we are confident in our ability to achieve new heights and make a lasting impact in the fields of education and research.

We look forward to your continued support and engagement as we embark on this exciting journey together.

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More than half of the lakes around the world are loosing water

Posted on 26 June, 2023 by benyamin chahkandi

More than half of the lakes around the world are loosing water

Summary: A recent study found that 53 percent of the greatest freshwater lakes on earth are in decline and are now retaining less water than they did thirty years ago. The study measured changes in water levels in roughly 2,000 of the largest lakes and reservoirs in the globe using satellite measurements spanning decades. It was discovered that human consumption, sedimentation, and climate change are to blame.

However, the lead author, former CIRES visiting fellow and current climate fellow Fangfang Yao, claimed the news is not wholly bad. With this novel technique for observing patterns in lake water storage and the causes behind them, scientists can inform communities and water managers on how to better safeguard vital water sources and significant local ecosystems.

According to a variety of satellites and models, this is the first thorough analysis of the trends and factors influencing global lake water storage fluctuation, Yao added.

The environmental catastrophes affecting some of the greatest bodies of water on Earth, such the drying up of the Aral Sea between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, inspired him to conduct the research.

In order to assess changes in water levels in over 2,000 of the largest lakes and reservoirs on Earth, which account for 95% of all lake water storage, he and colleagues from the University of Colorado Boulder, Kansas State University, France, and Saudi Arabia developed a system.

To measure and identify trends in lake storage globally, the researchers coupled models with observations gathered over three decades from a variety of satellites.

Freshwater lakes and reservoirs are an important resource for both people and Earth ecosystems since they store 87 percent of the world's freshwater. Lakes are less closely inspected than rivers, but they nonetheless supply more people with water than rivers do.

Although they are valuable, long-term patterns and fluctuations in water levels have mostly remained a mystery up until now.

According to co-author and CIRES fellow Balaji Rajagopalan, "We have pretty good information on iconic lakes like the Caspian Sea, Aral Sea, and Salton Sea, but if you want to say something on a global scale, you need reliable estimates of lake levels and volume." By using this innovative approach, "we are able to provide insights into global lake level changes with a broader perspective," the researchers write.

In order to survey the area of 1,972 of the largest lakes on Earth for the current paper, the scientists used 250,000 lake-area pictures taken by satellites between 1992 and 2020. They used long-term water levels to lessen any ambiguity and collected water levels from nine satellite altimeters. They used most recent water measurements taken by more modern sensors on satellites for lakes lacking a long-term level record. Scientists were able to reassemble the volume of lakes that date back decades by fusing more recent level observations with longer-term area measurements.

The findings were startling: 53% of lakes worldwide saw a decrease in water storage. The size of the United States' largest reservoir, Lake Meads, is used by the authors to compare this loss to.

The researchers made use of recent developments in water use and climate modeling to explain patterns in natural lakes. According to Yao, the global net decline in natural lake volume and water losses in about 100 large lakes were primarily caused by climate change and human water consumption. And many of the impacts of human activity and climate change on lake water losses were previously unrecognized, such as the desiccation of Lake Mar Chiquita in Argentina and Lake Good-e-Zareh in Afghanistan.

Both rainy and dry regions of the world are losing volume in their lakes. The losses in Arctic lakes and humid tropical lakes point to more pervasive drying trends than was previously thought.

Yao and his coworkers evaluated reservoir storage trends as well. They discovered that significant water losses occurred in nearly two-thirds of the planet's large reservoirs.

24 percent of the world's lakes showed notable gains in water storage even while the majority of lakes are declining. In the Northern Great Plains of North America, the Inner Tibetan Plateau, and regions with new reservoirs like the Yangtze, Mekong, and Nile river basins, growing lakes are more common.

According to the authors, around 2 billion people, or about one-quarter of the world's population, live in the basin of a drying lake, demonstrating the urgent need to incorporate human consumption, climate change, and sedimentation consequences into sustainable water resources management.

According to Livneh, their research also sheds light on potential solutions. We can adjust and investigate new regulations to reduce large-scale decreases if human consumption is a significant contributing cause to the decline in lake water storage.

In one of the lakes the team analyzed, Lake Sevan in Armenia, water storage has increased over the past 20 years, which the authors attribute to the implementation of water conservation rules beginning in the early 2000s.

Today In History

Here are some interesting facts ih history happened on 1 October.

  1. BC Alexander of Macedon defeats Persian army at Gaugamela
  2. Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  3. Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  4. 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
  5. 1st postcards are issued in Vienna
  6. Yosemite becomes a National Park
  7. Henry Huntington buys the LA Railway
  8. 1st Baseball World Series
  9. Jack Chesbro's final Yankee victory beats Walter Johnson 2-1
  10. Henry Ford introduces the Model T car
  11. Yanks lose game #100 enroute to a 50-102 season
  12. Yanks win their 1st pennant
  13. Babe Ruth's famous homerun called off of Cubs Charlie Root
  14. Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia)
  15. Penn Turnpike pioneer toll thruway opened
  16. 1st jet propelled airplane tested
  17. Bob Feller 348th strikeout of the season
  18. 1st helicopter air mail & express service LA Ca
  19. People's Rep of China proclaimed (National Day)
  20. 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador - Eugenie Anderson
  21. 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station Portland Or
  22. Vanguard Project transferred from military to NASA
  23. Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  24. Roger Maris sets record of 61 homers last off of Tracy Sallard
  25. The Lucy Show premiers
  26. US National Radio Astronomy Obs gets a 300' radio telescope
  27. Johnny Carson hosts his 1st Tonight Show
  28. SF cable cars declared a national landmark
  29. Walt Disney World in Orlando Florida opens
  30. Reunion Island no longer prints stamps France takes over production
  31. Yanks win 2nd consecutive AL East title
  32. Yanks lose 9-2 to Indians setting up a play off game with Red Sox
  33. US returns Canal Zone to Panama after 75 years (but not the canal)
  34. EPCOT Center opens